For my next album presentation in this series, we move west from Algeria and join Bob Hope, Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour on the Road To Morocco.
Morocco's philatelic history is complex. It remained an independent sultanate throughout the nineteenth century, and the Great Powers of Europe all competed for economic and political influence with the Moroccan Sultan. This included opening rival post offices to compete for the business of the numerous Western commercial interests in the Sultanate. Local commercial interests also provided postal services along various routes, and approximately twenty of them produced their own postage stamps for use on these systems. The Sultan himself inaugurated a Moroccan postal service to compete with the Western offices in 1892, at first employing seals stamped on envelopes from the cities in which the post originated, and culminating in the first Moroccan postage stamps in 1912.
Morocco's indpendence and its independent postal system would soon face takeover by Western colonialism. Agreements between the major Great Powers in the first decade of the 1900s would culminate in 1912 with the partition of Morocco into two protectorates, the majority of which came under French administration, with a small zone in the far north of Morocco under a Spanish protectorate. To complicate matters further, the strategic city of Tangier would eventually come under an International Protectorate composed, at its height, of representatives from ten different nations (including the United States). Throughout Morocco, Other powers were allowed free commercial access, and the British would continue to maintain a post office separate from the French and Spanish administrations until the restoration of Moroccan sovereignty in 1956. In all these areas the Moroccan Sultan retained theoretical sovereignty, but day to day administration would come under the dominant power in each of the Protectorates. This system would last until early 1956, when Moroccan nationalist demands, led by the Sultan (now called King) would finally lead to the restoration of full sovereignty. Between 1950 and 1978 Morocco would also gain control of further Spanish colonial territories to the south (Tarfaya/Cape Juby, Ifni and the Western Sahara - though the POLISARIO nationalists in Western Sahara continue to oppose Moroccan control of the region to this day.)
This complicated history means that my Morocco collection will be split between several albums to reflect this patchwork of administrations.
Volume I : Local Post Offices, Foreign Post Offices, Issues of the Sultanate to 1912.
Volume II : The French Protectorate of Morocco 1912-1956
Volume III : The Spanish Protectorate of Morocco and Spanish Colonies in the Western Sahara
Volume IV : Independent Morocco Part I (1956-1990)
Volume V : Independent Morocco Part II (1991-present)
I am still laying out pages for Independent Morocco, though my collection runs until approximately 1968 with a few issues in the early 1970s.
My plan is to post each page, just as the image. For those wanting to know the identity of the stamps, I will post a PDF file of the layout for the pages in my Morocco albums in a few days.
Hope you enjoy the images and if you have suggestions please let me know.
Volume I : Morocco - The Era of Local Posts, Foreign POs and The Sultanate (1892-1912)
French Post Office In Morocco
Page 1 - No Stamps
Page 3 - No Stamps
French Post Office In the Tangier International Zone
Page 2 - No Stamps
Volume II : Morocco - The French Protectorate of Morocco 1912-1956
Volume IV : Morocco - Independent Morocco Part I
Page 13 - No Stamps
Page 14 - No Stamps
Page 15 - No Stamps
Page 16 - No Stamps
As you can see there are still several areas I have no stamps from. Generally I have been focusing on the French Protectorate and early Independent Kingdom years, but there a lot more administrations to add to the collection
- Local Post Offices (20 separate lines between 1892 and 1900)
- British Post Office in Morocco
- Spanish Post Office in Morocco
- German Post Office in Morocco
- Issues of the Moroccan Sultanate (handstamps 1892-1911 and first postage stamps of 1912)
- Spanish Protectorate of Morocco
- Tangier International Zone (Spanish and British Post Offices in addition to the French)
- Spanish Colonies in NW Africa :
- Cape Juby
- Rio De Oro
- La Aguera
- Spanish Sahara & Spanish West Africa
Hope you enjoyed this trip to Morocco. Next posting will shift eastward to the final Maghribi nation in former French North Africa - Tunisia.